A happy mood, increased energy or a sense of influence are feelings that are desired by many of us. Sometimes, however, they may be a sign of mania. What is she? When can you talk about it?
Mania – symptoms
Activity in mania is increased – the patient has a need to be in constant motion. He does not get tired, he has enormous amounts of energy. He often sleeps very little – it is characteristic to wake up in the early hours of the morning with excitement and a need for exercise that are difficult to justify. During the day, the patient feels an increased appetite, but usually eats little – does not find time for it, which leads to a sudden weight loss.
The mood of a mania person is usually carefree, contented and euphoric. The patient is prone to talks and jokes, and unpleasant events do not impress him. In severe conditions, well-being disappears – it is replaced by high irritability. It can lead to arguments, aggression and even conflicts with the law. A mania person is often looking for strong sensations, such as loud music or fast driving.
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Mania thinking is greatly accelerated. Despite the fact that the patient has a lot of ideas and quickly associates facts, he is often unable to express them – speech becomes chaotic. Everything that happens arouses interest, therefore the patient’s attention is fleeting. Memory remains functional, sometimes it even improves.
Beliefs about yourself usually involve an uncritical, inflated sense of your own abilities. The patient does not perceive difficulties in his actions. He is easy to take risks (loans, accidental sexual contacts, unplanned purchases, the use of psychoactive substances). At the same time, a person with mania feels that others are stupid, inefficient and slow.
Mania and hypomania – how do they differ?
A manic episode can vary in severity. When mood and behavior disorders are mild, it is called hypomania. Usually only the patient’s family sees them, and others admire his energy and efficiency. Often, however, the activity of a person experiencing hypomania ends with making commitments that are difficult for him to fulfill later.
The mania of maximum intensity (the so-called manic frenzy) is dominated by violent, often disorderly agitation, undirected aggression, difficulties in gathering thoughts and forming a coherent expression.
Mania – treatment
If you observe symptoms of mania, it is worth consulting a psychiatrist. Although this condition is pleasant for many patients, it can lead to exhaustion of the body and serious consequences, such as breaking relationships with loved ones or losing a job. The doctor will make an appropriate diagnosis, introduce pharmacotherapy and thus help restore the patient’s balance.
It is worth taking care of mental hygiene on a daily basis:
- care for the regularity of sleep and meals consumed;
- reducing alcohol consumption (promotes mood swings);
- setting yourself realistic goals and not creating overly burdensome plans.